Oral surgery and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to treat many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty.
Extractions or Tooth Removal
are done to remove badly infected or decayed teeth to prevent pain and swelling. If a tooth is extracted, it creates a space that will need to be filled in with a partial denture, a bridge or an implant. This is to prevent the teeth next to the gap from tipping and tilting into the space, which would cause crowding and an unsightly bite.Wisdom tooth
Surgery or removal is done to prevent tooth decay, gum pain and swelling or, when erupting wisdom tooth does not have enough space to erupt, crowding of teeth and cysts from impacted wisdom teeth.
The wisdom tooth is removed by your dentists in an operation done under local anesthesia. The anesthesia will prevent any feeling of pain during the operation though there may be some sensation of pressure while the dentists are working on the tooth. During the operation, when the anesthetic has worn off, you may need to take painkillers. Antibiotics may also be given to prevent infection of the wound. There is usually some swelling of the cheek which may last about 5 days. The swelling may also cause some stiffness of the jaw.
Cyst and Fracture
A cyst is a pathological epithelial lined cavity that fills with fluid or soft material and usually grows from internal pressure generated by fluid being drawn into the cavity from osmosis (hydrostatic pressure). The bones of the jaws, the mandible and maxilla, are the bones with the highest prevalence of cysts in the human body. This is due to the abundant amount of epithelial remnants that can be left in the bones of the jaws.